Types of Service

"Collaborative and reciprocal engagement with the community in response to an authentic need."

There are 4 Types of Service Action:

Direct Service

Student interaction involves people, the environment or animals.

Examples: one-on-one tutoring, developing a garden in partnership with refugees, working at an animal shelter

Indirect Service

Though students do not see the recipients of indirect service, they have verified their actions will benefit the community or environment.

Examples: re-designing a non-profit organization's website, writing picture books to teach a language, nurturing tree seedlings for planting


Students speak on behalf of a cause or concern to promote action on an issue of public interest.

Examples: initiating an awareness campaign on hunger, performing a play on replacing bullying with respect, creating a video on sustainable energy solutions


Students collect information through varied sources, analyze data, and report on a topic of importance to influence policy or practice.

Examples: conducting environmental surveys to influence their school, contribute to a study of animal migration, compile effective means to reduce litter in public spaces, conduct social research by interviewing people on topics such as homelessness, unemployment or racial inequality